author/s: Dr Mª Carmen Peña Cala

What is esophagitis?

Esophagitis is a lesion of the esophageal mucosa that normally presents with pain and heartburn or swallowing difficulties. It is caused most frequently by reflux from the gastric or intestinal contents that reach the esophagus. Depending on the causal agent, this condition is referred to as peptic, biliar or alkaline esophagitis. In general, the treatment of non-complicated cases includes weight loss, sleeping on a bed with an elevated head, antiacids, the elimination of factors that increase abdominal pressure and to avoid tobacco and dangerous medications.

Esophagitis can also be of a viral origin, caused by the simple herpes virus. It can also be caused by candida, as certain strains of candida are normally found in the throat and can become pathogenic under certain circumstances (diabetes, antibiotic therapy, etc.) causing, as a results, esophagitis.