Hiatal hernia

author/s: Dr Mª Carmen Peña Cala

What is a hernia?

The term “hernia” means the protrusion of an organ or part of such, or other structure, through the wall of the cavity in which it is normally contained.


What is a hiatal hernia?

A hiatal hernia is when part of the stomach is projected through the opening of the diaphragm through which the esophagus goes through.

This facilitates the passage of the gastric content towards the esophagus, causing esophagitis due to reflux in the long run. On most occasions, the symptoms get resolved with antiacids and prokinetic drugs (a medication used to accelerate the digestive transit); however, sometimes surgery is required to close the hiatal hernia (Nissen´s procedure).


What are the symptoms of a hiatal hernia?

The symptoms include pain, heartburn, burping, flatulence and reflux.