Liver disorders

author/s: Dr Mª Carmen Peña Cala

The liver is the largest and metabolic complexity organ of the body and any of the elements that form it can become sick or deteriorate.

The liver has a great regenerative power and in the immense majority of cases, after the problem is resolved, there are no sequelae.


What is the most frequent liver condition?

The most common liver condition is inflammation or hepatitis, generally caused by a virus.


What types of hepatitis are known nowadays?

There are several types of viral hepatitis. The most frequent types of hepatitis are:

    • Hepatitis A, spread by contact with contaminated food. It is not an important condition

    • Hepatitis B, spread by contact with infected blood or serum or by sexual contact

    • C-virus hepatitis, that is spread via blood

    • Hepatitis D, produced by the delta agent that co-infects with the virus of hepatitis B

    • Hepatitis E. hepatitis G, other virases such as the CMV (cytomegalovirus) etc

Why can hepatitis cases be severe?

Hepatitis cases can be severe due to the complications that might arise.

The most feared complication of viral hepatitis is fulminating hepatitis or massive hepatic necrosis (fortunately, it is a rare type of hepatitis). It is more frequently seen in cases of hepatitis B and hepatitis D. Patients usually present with symptoms of encephalopathy (brain damage). The condition can lead to a deep coma.

This type of hepatitis can also progress into cirrosis.


What should I do in case I have hepatitis?

You should follow your doctor’s instructions and recommendations to the letter.