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Olga Torres Foundation

<h2>What is colorectal cancer?</h2><br /><br />
Colorectal cancer is a malignant tumour that can be located at different levels inside the large intestine. It can be located at the level of the colon or at the end of the intestine, in the area called rectum. <br /><br /> <h2>How frequent is cancer of the colon?</h2>

· Cancer of the colon is the second most frequent neoplasia, after breast cancer in women and lung cancer in men. <br /><br />

· It is the most malignant digestive neoplasia in the western World, with a higher incidence than that of all the other tumours combined.<br /><br /> <h2>What is its exact frequency in Spain?</h2><br /><br />

· 31 cases per 100,000 male inhabitants <br /><br />

· 21 cases per 100,000 female inhabitants. <br /><br /><br /> <h2>Families with hereditary syndrome </h2><br /><br />

What should one do when colorectal cancer is suspected?<br /><br />
You should seek medical advice to undergo a risk assessment. <br /><br /><br /> <h2>What to do?
</h2><br /><br />

The first thing to do is to go to a specialist. The specialist will choose and decide what tests to run. <br /><br /><br /> <h2>What is its the exact incidence in other countries?</h2><br /><br />

· In the United States and New Zeeland, there are 50 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.<br /><br />

· In Senegal, Colombia and India, there are less than 10 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.<br /><br /><br /> <h2>Risk factors</h2><br /><br />

It is believed that colorectal cancer is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.<br /><br /> <h2>Symptoms
</h2><br /><br />

<li>Blood in faeces</li>
<li>Loss of weight</li>
<li>Stomach pains after defecating</li>
<li>Ferropenic anaemia (due to lack of iron)</li>
</ul><br /><br />

In these cases, you should see your physician for referral to a specialist. <br /><br />